(1868-1912) Meji Restoration ((1894-1895) First Sino-Japanese War ((1895)…
(1868-1912) Meji Restoration
(1894-1895) First Sino-Japanese War
Japan drove China out of Korea and gained foothold on Manchuria
Under Traty of Shimonoseki: China ceded Liadong Peninsula, Port Arthur, Taiwan and Pescadores Island to Japan. China open ports of Chongqing, Shashi, Hangzhou and Suzhou.
Fight for trading rights in Korea
(1895) Tripartite Intervention over Treaty of Shimonoseki
France, Germany and Russia opposed Treaty of Shimonoseki and demanded that Japan give up Port Arthur and Liaodong Peninsula back to China.
Result: Japan agreed to give back Liaodong Peninsula but Western powers immediately scramble China
(1904) Russo-Japanese War
Japan controlled Korea in 1910
(1915-1919) Shandong Problem
(1929-1933) Great Depression
(1931) 918 Incident
(1932) Rise of Militarism
(1932-1945) Establishment of Manhcukuo
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Militarists suggested that Japan should set up a military dictatorship and expand abroad in order to save the economy. This gained the wide support from the people.
Militarists took over Japanese government and the country was under control of the military.
Militarists assassinated the Prime Minister on May 15, 1932
Many people were dissatisfied with the democratic government for 1. not introducing economic and social reforms to improve the lives of the citizens after the Great Depression and 2. not efficient in solving the economic problems.
Puppet state of Manchukuo was established
Japan used this as an excuse to invade Manchuria to protect its people and investments
Japan blew up a part of their railway in Manchuria and blamed it on China
Lower class was severely affected, labour disputes were common
Caused mass unemployment and shutdown of factories
Japan relied heavily on foreign trade, Japanese economic declined since demand on Japanese products are low
Peasants and rural workers did not share prosperity
Increasing number of shops
Gas, modern water supply and transport system developed
Rapid growth of population in cities
Shandong dispute settled by US, China got back Shandong. But Japanese maintained its economic dominance of railway and the province.
China demanded return of Shandong, Japan refused
In Treaty of Versailles (1919) Britain and France gave Shandong to Japan
China supported Allies in condition that Shandong will be returned to China
Japan had a surprise attack on Port Arthur, Russian ships were wiped out. Russian ships had difficulties supplying the forces to the Far East since their resources are in Europe. When Russian Navy arrive the Chinese waters, Japanese attacked again, forcing Russia to surrender in one day.
Fight for control over Manchuria
Germany wants Russia to focus on Asia instead of Europe
France 1. did not want to be isolated from European powers 2.France feared Germany
Russia had plans to take over warm water ports