Impacts of Confederation on the First Nations and Métis People (The…
Impacts of Confederation on the First Nations and Métis People
The Manitoba Act of 1870
Many Métis families have then issued land scrips, which were notes that offered 64 hectares of land. Since the Métis had no experience with written entitlements, many of them did not know the value of these scrips and were easily cheated out of the land which should have belonged to them.
The Métis were not allowed to own any land until proper surveying and splitting of land were done. This process took three years to complete.
This Act was provided for Manitoba as Canada's fifth province. It also stated that Métis lands would be protected. Ottawa agreed to set aside roughly 1,400,000 acres of land for the Métis However, these protections were not fulfilled, which resulted in many Métis leaving Canada for the North-West Territories.
Yellow is NW Territories
The Indian Act (First introduced in 1876)
The act was established so that the Canadian government had control over Indian status, local First Nations governments and could manage reserve land communities.
The act was an attempt to generalize the population of First Nations and to force them to adapt to the non-Indigenous way of life. First Nations communities were forbidden to follow their own culture and governance.
Areas of land set aside by the federal government for the First Nations to live on. Reserves are governed by the Indian Act.
European settlers taking control over land
When Newfoundland and Labrador joined Canada in 1949, the Canadian government made no special provisions for the new province's Aboriginal groups. The Terms of Union did not mention Aboriginal people and it did not clarify their status within the country.
Dominion Act of 1872
First Nations were never present during Confederation conferences, their opinions and perspectives were left out completely.
Ottawa moved 1,500 troops into the province, and European settlers began to arrive in large numbers. This act favoured the new settles in occupying land.
Dominion Land Surveyors
The Canadian government supported missionaries who took Native children away to Residential Schools to teach them the religion and lifestyle of Europeans.