Causes: Haiti lies on the plate boundary between the Caribbean and North America. There was slippage along a conservative plate boundary that runs through Haiti which is part of a large Caribbean Island called Hispaniola. The Dominican Republic is located to the east of Haiti and covers over half the Island.
On 12 January 2010, a magnitude 7 earthquake hit Haiti at 16:53 local time. The earthquake’s epicentre was 25 km west of Port-au-Prince, the capital. Most people, businesses and services were located in the capital.
3 million people affected.
Over 220,000 deaths.
Several hospitals collapsed.
1.3 million made homeless.
Economic impacts of the earthquake
30,000 commercial buildings collapsed
Damage to the main clothing industry.
Airport and port damaged loss in tourism.
Reasons for severity of the effects
There were very few earthquake-resistant buildings.
Buildings and other structures were poorly built.
The epicentre was near to the capital
There were few resources to rescue or treat injured people.
Response to Earthquake
Haiti is very poor so they did not have enough money or rescources to redevelop. Most haitian live off $20 a day.
Neighbouring Dominican Republic provided emergency water and medical supplies as well as heavy machinery to help clear rubble
Emergency rescue teams arrived from a number of countries, eg Iceland.
GIS was used to provide satellite images and maps of the area, to assist aid organisations.
Medical teams began treating the injured – temporary field hospitals were set up by organisations like the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Charities raised money
United Nations troops and police were sent to help distribute aid and keep order.
After 1 year still 1,300 camps, shows dependency on Aid
Farmers supported so crops could grow
People paying Haitians to clear rubble