Henry VII's claim to the throne (Battle of Bosworth (Henry got…
Henry VII's claim to the throne
An only child, his father died before he was born and his mother was only 14 at the time
Lived in Pembroke in his early years but Henry VI lost his battle and Edward IV became king
He was brought up in Wales
In 1470, Henry VI was put back on throne but was killed. Then Henry Tudor became the main Lancastrian claimant to throne = Jasper Tudor took Henry for his own safety to France
Pretty weak, unknown to most of his subjects due to exile.
Margaret Beaufort was a direct descendent of Edward III by marriage of his 3rd son to John of Gaunt to Katherine Swynford.
Battle of Bosworth
Henry got financial help from Charles VIII of France to distract Richard III from French affairs.
In 1485 returned to England , won over South Wales and gained 5,000 men.
Henry needed more English nobles to support him though = aimed for Lord Stanley and Sir William Stanley.
Richard took army to small village of Bosworth.
Henry had 6,000 men Richard had 12,000. = heavy casualties.
Richard tried for Henry himself but Sir William Stanley, who had been watching to see which way the battle would go, went to Henry’s defence.
Richard III was killed and the Yorkist troops fled without a leader.
Securing the throne
Henry set start of his reign before the Battle of Bosworth, so all Richard III’s supporters were traitors and forfeited their lands to him.
He set the coronation on 30th October before the start of Parliament, so it could not be said that Parliament had made him king.