Functions of Nonverbal Communication
Pointing a figure while talking shows blame
Nonverbal behaviors can control the flow of verbal communication.
Apologizing with a certain tone of voice, and facial expression.
Nonverbal behaviors that accompany and support spoken words
someone with a red face saying they are not angry
Instead of answering a question you shrug your shoulders.
To describe deliberate nonverbal behaviors that have precise meanings known to everyone within a culture group. "Head Nod means yes"
Hiding or telling a lie.
Giving directions verbally as well as pointing where to go.
Types of Nonverbal Communication
Haptics, study of touch
Proxemics, study of use of space
Intimate distance, personal distance, social distance, public distance, and territorial
Me personally I am very territorial when it comes to my belongings and stuff.
Physical environment can reflect and shape interaction
Paralanguage, nonverbal vocal language
Disfluencies, "Uh, Um"
Chronemics, Study how humans use structure time.
Monochronic, punctuality. Polychromic, flexible.
Postures and gestures (Kinesics)
Face and eyes
Eye contact is important
Characteristics of Nonverbal Communication
Messages expressed through nonlinguistic means
Nonverbal behavior has communicative value
Its virtually impossible not to communicate nonverbally
Nonverbal communication Is primarily Relational
Define our relationships
Nonverbal cues help us manage our identities
Facial expressions, body movements, and vocal traits
Nonverbal Communication is Ambiguous
Often Difficult to interpret, some emotions are easier to decode than others, and your ability to read people gets better with age and training
In sports I learned that you have to have good body language especially when things are going wrong. From my personal experience simply hanging your head can be the difference instead of remaining confident and fighting to win.
Influences on Nonverbal Communication
Much nonverbal communication is universal
There are 6 facial expressions that humans everywhere understand, happiness, sadness, fear, anger, disgust, and surprise.
I have had a lot of interactions with people who speak different languages, and every time I smile an that automatically makes us friendly even though there is a language barrier.
Different cultures have different nonverbal and verbal languages
different body language is used by men and women, women tend to smile more, use more facial expression, and use ther hands more. As well as touch, stand closer, be more vocally expressive, and make eye contact.
Building Competence in Nonverbal Communication
Pay attention to your own nonverbal behavior
Monitor your own nonverbal cues
This for me is something I need to work on the most.
Tune out words
When just listening to words it is easy to miss nonverbal cues
Use Perception checking
important to use your interpretation as educated guesses not absolute translation