Understanding Human Communication: Chapter 6 (Functions of Nonverbal…
Understanding Human Communication:
Functions of Nonverbal Communication
-Nonverbal devices to emphasize oral messages.
: Pointing of a finger adds emphasis to criticism.
-Nonverbal behaviors that control the flow of verbal communication.
-When someone apologizes, the apology is often accompanied with the right tone of voice and facial expressions.
Nonverbal behaviors that accompany and support verbal messages.
-Expression of different and even contradictory messages in verbal and nonverbal behaviors.
: Wave=Hello or goodbye
: Deliberate nonverbal behaviors with precise meanings, known to virtually all members of a cultural group.
-There are no certain nonverbal cues for deception. However, some people are better at hiding deceit than others.
-People remember comments accompanied by gestures more than those made with words alone.
Characteristics of Nonverbal Communication
: Messages expressed by other than linguistic means.
: Nonverbal unconscious behavior.
: Stammering, blushing, frowning, and sweating. I can think of a specific time when I when I was going on a first date, my palms became sweaty and I became flustered. If I could've avoided these unintentional behaviors, I would have because they can be embarrassing.
Nonverbal Communication is Primarily Relational
. Nonverbal cues help define our relationships.
. Nonverbal cues convey emotion.
: Facial expressions, body movements, and vocal traits that reveal emotional states.
.Nonverbal cues help us manage our identities.
Influences on Nonverbal Communication
-Cultures have different nonverbal and verbal languages. The meanings of gestures also vary depending on the culture. Less obvious cross-cultural differences can damage relationships. Example: "okay" in other parts of the world translates to "you're worth zero" and even in some places is considered a vulgar sexual invitation.
-Media depictions dramatize stereotypical differences in masculinity and femininity. This can be seen in films like
Beauty and the Beast
which has 'exaggerated caricatures'. However, both gender's nonverbal communication patterns are similar. Social factors tend to have more influence than biological ones.
Building Competence in Nonverbal Communication
Use Perception Checking
-A way to explore the significance of nonverbal cues. It is a way to note various interpretations and clarification of behavior.
Pay Attention to Your Own Nonverbal Behavior
-There is value in monitoring you own nonverbal behavior. Most of us have blind spots when it comes to our own communication.
: We overestimate how good we are at hiding our own anxiety, boredom, or eagerness from others.
Tune Out Words
-Overlooking important nonverbal cues when you're only listening to the words being spoken. It is an important skill to be able to recognize nonverbal cues by tuning out the content of a speaker's language.
Types of Nonverbal Communication
: The study of touch.
One of Hall's four distance zone, ranging from skin contact to 18 inches.
One of Hall's four distance zones, raging from 18 inches to 4 feet.
: The study oh how people and animals use space.
One of Hall's four distance zones, ranging from 4 to 12 feet.
One Hall's four distance zones, extending outwards from 12 feet.
Fixed space that an individual assumes some right to occupy.
-The physical environment that people create can both reflect and shape interaction.
: Non-linguistic means of vocal expression: rate, pitch, tone, etc,.
: Vocal interruptions such as stammering and use of "uh", "um", and "er".
: The use f time that emphasizes punctuality, schedules, and completing one task at a time.
: The use of time that emphasizes flexible schedules in which multiple tasks are pursued at the same time.
: The study of how humans use and structure time.
: The study of body movement, gesture, and posture.
: Movements in which one part of the body grooms, massages, rubs, holds, pinches, pick, or otherwise manipulates another part.
: The combination of two or more expressions, each showing a different emotion.