Should animals be used for scientific or commercial testing? (Animal…
Should animals be used for scientific or commercial testing?
Animal testing has contributed to many life-saving cures and treatments.
The polio vaccine, tested on animals, reduced the global occurrence of the disease from 350,000 cases in 1988 to 27 cases in 2016.
Animal testing is cruel and inhumane.
According to Humane Society International, animals used in experiments are commonly subjected to force feeding, forced inhalation, food and water deprivation.
An estimated 26 million animals are used every year in the United States for scientific and commercial testing.
Animals are used to develop medical treatments, determine the toxicity of medications, check the safety of products destined for human use, and other biomedical, commercial, and health care uses.
There is no adequate alternative to testing on a living, whole-body system.
Evaluating a drug for side effects requires a circulatory system to carry the medicine to different organs.
Alternative testing methods now exist that can replace the need for animals
Computer models, such as virtual reconstructions of human molecular structures, can predict the toxicity of substances without invasive experiments on animals.
Animals are appropriate research subjects because they are similar to human beings in many ways.
Because animals and humans are so biologically similar, they are susceptible to many of the same conditions and illnesses, including heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.
Animals are very different from human beings and therefore make poor test subjects
The anatomic, metabolic, and cellular differences between animals and people make animals poor models for human beings.
Animals themselves benefit from the results of animal testing.
If vaccines were not tested on animals, millions of animals would have died from rabies, distemper, feline leukemia, infectious hepatitis virus, tetanus, anthrax, and canine parvo virus.
Drugs that pass animal tests are not necessarily safe.
The 1950s sleeping pill thalidomide, which caused 10,000 babies to be born with severe deformities, was tested on animals prior to its commercial release.
Animals do not have rights, therefore it is acceptable to experiment on them.
Animals do not have the cognitive ability or moral judgment that humans do
95% of animals used in experiments are not protected by the Animal Welfare Act.
The AWA does not cover rats, mice, fish and birds, which comprise around 95% of the animals used in research.