Basic Japanese Parts of Speech (Verbs - a word used to describe an action…
Basic Japanese Parts of Speech
- a word (other than a pronoun) used to identify any of a class of people, places, or things
- a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence
- most verbs ending in "る" and have an "い" or "え" sounding hiragana right before
- the verbs "する" and "来る" meaning "to do" and "to come" respectively
- verbs ending "う" sounding hiragana
- A particle is a word that has a grammatical function but does not fit into the main parts of speech (i.e. noun, verb, adverb)
: は - topic, が - subject, を - object, に/へ - directional, に/で/から - locational, に/から/まで - time, と/や - with, の - genitive case, ね/よ - sentence final, か - question
- a word or phrase naming an attribute, added to or grammatically related to a noun to modify or describe it.
- all adjectives that end in "い" hiragana
- all adjectives that end in everything other "い"
that take "な" before a noun
- a word or phrase that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a word group, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc.
can become an
- drop "い" and add "く"
- attach "に" to the end
- a word that can function by itself as a noun phrase and that refers either to the participants in the discourse or to someone or something mentioned elsewhere in the discourse