Media Consumption and the Three Sided Circle (Trust - Do people trust news…
Media Consumption and the Three Sided Circle
- Using the Compass Sustainability/Systems model, how do news consumption trends affect the world around us? What are the implications for nature, society, government, and the economy?
More $ put into web development
advertiser involvement in news consumption if free site
increase in demand for tech jobs
bad reporting could cause misinformed economic decisions
print news fading
Increased online news access decreases paper use
false sense of balance can harm environmental causes
reliance on mobile devices increase use of largely unrecycled materials
excess screen time could be harmful
sense of panic if negativity bias is exploited
sense of hopelessness... what's true?
distracted news consumption could lead to takeaways of misinformation
sensationalism and clickbait
-algorithms could perpetuate people's news bubbles
information/misinformation guides election cycles and voter choices
if media beholden to an ideal, may not portray a nuanced perspective
technology enables impressive "fake news" which can diminish trust
low trust in reporters, higher skepticism
- Do people trust news media? What factors influence trust levels? If people lack trust, what kinds of behaviors do they engage in? If people have high trust, same question?
Trust and sources. People's level of trust in reporting affects where they get their news. People with low levels of trust in media are more likely to:
prefer alternative news sources
participate in online conversation and sharing
Social media and "fake news" exacerbate distrust, but it may be due to perceived political polarization and media bias.
news outlets can be left, right, or center on many issues
in an attempt to appear non-biased, some news organizations give each side of an issue equal weight, even if that doesn't represent the scientific or general consensus
this is particularly dangerous in science reporting as many content consumers depend on the expertise of scientists to be relayed through journalists
confirmation bias: the tendency to seek or interpret evidence as supporting our pre-existing beliefs, regardless of whether it really does.
How often do we intentionally leave our bubbles?
Reuters: on average, users of SM, aggregators and search engines experience more diversity than those who do not.
“confirmation bias is fake news’ best friend.” Jason Ohler
are journalists or news outlets upfront about their own biases?
when they are it tends to be a sign of an organization at least
to be transparent.
transparency definitely affects trust.
when journalists make disclosures about possible conflicts of interest re: what they're writing about, it's a good sign
- How do people access their news and how does that affect their experience? Do they pay for their news/is it free, get there by social media/from the source, read hardcopy/use computer/use mobile?
Time - How much time are we spending with different types of media? Is it the amount of time we want to spend? How could that time be optimized for the individual?
Gateways to news - what journey do people take to arrive at content?
"Side-door" access 67%
young people ARE prepared to pay for news (Reuters)
people will pay for news if content is sufficiently valuable, convenient, and relevant. (Reuters)
around 13% of consumers pay for news, growing (Reuters)
perception being that if it's not free, it's probably higher quality
What are the consequences of "free news"?
TV, Digital, Radio, Print
younger people access news more online, older more in print/TV
- Many sites are engaging in full or partial curation (offering original content, yet also pulling selected content from other non-affiliated journalists. What's the ethical way to curate? What characteristics do quality curation sites share?
link to the sources
vet, verify, correct
How to add value (according to
Summarize (provide overview)
Organize (group related content together)
Orignal Reporting (fill gaps left by curated pieces
Context (link to background and related material)