Intelligence - Ability to acquire and use knowledge/ skills, however it is difficult to define as multitude of talents: creative skills, originality, logical reasoning critical judgements
Charles Spearman - Believes cognitive skills are intelligence.
Louis Thurston - Said we should focus on 2 specific skills (verbal comprehension and reasoning).
Sternberg - Triarchic theory
Analytical intelligence (Skills of analysing, evaluating, judging) Practical intelligence (Implementing ideas)
Creative intelligence (Deal with new or novel ideas and creating
Gardner - He developed Sternberg's theory and identified 7 intelligence's. Linguistic and logical-mathematical, musical, bodily kinaesthetic,spatial, personal (feelings) and interpersonal.
Goleman - He developed Gardner's theory, and he identified emotional intelligence as understanding yourself, your goals and intentions with behaviours and understanding others and their feelings.