Semantic classification of adverbial clauses (13, 14, 15, 16 ( …
Semantic classification of adverbial clauses
(after, as, before, once, since)
Buy you ticket as soon as you reach the station
He reagerded me for a full three seconds before he answered my question.
Art is no longer art once it becomes boring.
, previous action
(although, though, while, whereas, even if)
While I don't want to make a fuss, i feel I must protest...
Whatever the reason,...
Try as I may, I couldn't succeed.
He is getting married, whether or not he find a job
(wh-ever: whatever, however,..)
infinite number of open options
Don't let them in, whoever they are.
:!!: (=vlastně kondicionály)
(if, given (that), on condition (that), provided that, providing (that, supposing (that), unless, in case)
If anything occurs, I will let you know.
If he changed his mind, we would go for a trip)
If you believe that, you will believe anything.
10, 11, 12
manner/ similarity and comp/ comparative
(like, as, as if, as though)
Her voice broke as if she was going to cry.
(so, so that)
action that took place already
We took no notice of him, so that he flew into a rage.
(as (..so), the...the)
The larger the house, the greater its value
13, 14, 15, 16
Without calling again and again,...
(by, in such way that)
Life can be studied in such a way that we study primitive forms.
common in speech; disjuncts
As you know, she is in a family way.
(rather than, sooner than)
by air, I'd take the slowest train
(relative pronouns: where, whereever, wither, whence)
Whence I looked there was a fine view
Where grown, the oranges are ripe.
I had to go wherever I found a job.
6, 7, 8, 9
(whereas, while, whilst)
She plays the guitar, while he plays the clarinet.
(but that, except that, excepting, only, save)
*I'd pay you now except that I have no money.
(because, since, as, for, seeing that)
As Jane was the eldest, she looked after the others.
(in order to, so as to, in order that, so that)
prospective, future oriented
The school closes earlier so that the children can get home before dark.