Radical Socialists, such as the SD's, or the SR's. Union of Liberation- calling for a constitutional monarchy and legislative assembly. nicholas refused. Gapon- Assembly of the St Petersburg Factory Workers, also economic reasons, such as bad harvests 1897-1901. Increased pressure 'from below'. Also, unrest amongst the peasantry, such as attacks on landlord's property increased from 1890. Increased peasant literacy meant that revolutionary propaganda had more of an impact, 1903-1904 were the 'years of the red cockerel', due to the arsonists flame. The Tsar relied upon the officials to deal with unrest, but the Zemstva and Dumas sided more with the peasants, which whom they worked.