PRINCIPLES FOR MULTIMEDIA LEARNING ( (REDUNDANCY:people learn better with…
PRINCIPLES FOR MULTIMEDIA LEARNING
KINDS OF COGNITIVE PROCESSING DURING LEARNING
GENERATIVE:this one makes sense of the material by reorganizing it into a coherent structure
EXTRANEUS:this drains limited cognitive processing, and also recognize the information.
ESSENTIAL:this one selects the relevant information and then organize it in the working memory
Multimedia purpose:Remember -Understand
LONG-TERM MEMORY.is the one who keeps permanently the knowledge
SENSORY MEMORY: this kind of memory temporary holds images and sounds
WORKING MEMORY:This memory allows manipulate a small amount of visual and verbal material.
people learn better from words and pictures than from words alone.
REDUNDANCY:people learn better with graphics and narration than form graphics, narration and on screen-text at the same time
COHERENCE. When the pictures, words and sounds are excluded rather than included
SIGNALING. When you use clues on something to be focused on the essential material.
SPATIAL CONTIGUITY. When the pictures and the texts are presented near rather than far from each other.
TEMPORAL CONTIGIUTY. People learn better When the pictures and the texts are shown simultaneously
SEGMENTING. It is easier to learn by parts or segments than a continuous unit.
PRE-TRAINING. The person learn better when they know the names and characteristics of the main concepts.
MODALITY. The people learn better with graphics and narrations than screen-text.
PERSONALIZATION. The person learns better when the conversation is friendlier and more relax than formal conversation.
VOICE. The person learns better when it's a friendly human voice, rather than a machine voice.