EU Law Making - Institutions (Cmsn/Parl) (What does the European…
EU Law Making - Institutions (Cmsn/Parl)
What is a Commissioner?
each Member State = 1 Commissioner
there are 28 independent Commissioners from each Member State
they are independent of their national identity
they can be removed during their term of office through a vote of censure by the European Parliament
censure = express severe disapproval of in a formal statement.
What does the Commission do?
puts forward proposals for new laws to be adopted by the Parliament and the Council
responsible for the administration of the Union and has executive powers to implement the Union's budget and supervise how the money is spent
it is the 'guardian' of the treaties and ensures that treaty provisions and other measures adopted by the Union are properly implemented
if a member state has failed to implement Union law within its own country, or has infringed a provision, the Commission has a duty to intervene and refer the matter to the CJEU
the two main treaties:
:black_flag: Treaty of the European Union
:black_flag: Treaty of the Function of the European Union
What does the European Parliament do?
forms the democratic basis of the EU
can make law
co-legislates on an equal footing with the Council in most areas
if the Commission proposes new legislation, the European Parliament discuss proposals and then report it to the full Parliament for debate
decides on international agreements
decides on whether to admit new Member States
reviews the Commission's work programme and asks it to propose legislation
How often do elections to the European Parliament take place?
once every 5 years
Members of the European Parliament (MEP's)
the number of MEPs from each Member State is determined by the size of the population of the country
73 MEPs currently represent the UK
2 MEPs who represent the South East England
national party = UKIP
political group in Euro Parl = Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy Group
national party = Conservative Party
political group in Euro Parl = European Conservatives and Reformists group
European Parliament and the Council
can co-legislate on an equal footing in most areas of law-making
equal footing of the 2 bodies = parity; roughly the same level of power when it comes to making new law
the 2 bodies make decisions on legislation that is proposed by the Commission
Where is the European Parliament?