OTHER LITERATURE IN ENGLISH. (THE ENGLISHTENMENT. (WRITERS. (Thomas…
OTHER LITERATURE IN ENGLISH.
Is focused on English-language literature rather than the literature of England, so that it includes writers from Scotland, Wales, and the whole of Ireland.
As well as literature in English from countries of the former British Empire, including the United States. .
EARLY AMERICAN WRITING.
THE MEETING OF TWO WORLDS (CONTINUED).
Millions of people lived in the Americas
Writers wrote about how the Europeans and the Native Americans viewed each other and the Northern American land.
FORM COLONY TO COLONY.
First permanent colony was established in Jamestown in 1607.
By 1733, English colonies stretched all along the Athlantic Coast.
Colonies increasing became self reliant and developed their own local rules.
LOYALTY TO ENGLAND.
The first colonists were loyal to Britain. They supported England economically by exporting raw materials to their homeland and importing Britain's manufactured goods.
Britain returned the favor by protecting its territories in America.
After a long war, Britain claimed all of North America east of the Mississippi River.
A BREAK WITH ENGLAND.
The British tried to tax the colonist to recover some of the costs from the war.
Colonists rejected this request crying "no taxation without representation."
In 1776, the colonists declared themselves to be free and independent of British control by defeating them in Revolutionary War.
RELIGION WAS THE MOST INFLUENTIAL CULTURAL FORCE ON WRITERS OF THIS TIME.
Puritans, were a group of English Protestants who had sought to purify the Church of England and return to simpler ways of worshipping.
Many Puritans left the country to escape persecution.
Burst of intelectual energy known as the Englistenment.
Questioned previously accepted truths about who should hold power.
THE GREAT AWAKENING.
Preachers such as
called for people to refocus on the Puritian vision.
People joined together to uphold Puritian beliefs.
People worried Puritian values were beign lost.
300 different Native American cultures when the Europeans arrived.
200 differet languages spoken.
Native American history, legends, and myths were entrusted to memory and passed from generation through
EXPLORERS AND EARLY SETTLERS.
Settlers described the new land to those in Europe.
Accounts helped English readers visualize North America
THE PURITIAN TRADITION.
Logic, clarity, and order are often themes in Puritian works.
Direct, powerful, plain language.
Believed writing should be used to help readers understand the Bible and guide them through their daily lives.
Anne Bradstreet- learning, faith, love for husband and children.
Edward Taylor-poetry as aids and meditations, used nature.
Viewed poetry as a means of exploring the relationship between the individual and God.
SERMONS AND OTHERS WRITINGS.
Jonathan Edwards- wrote about the dangers of sinful ways.
"Sinners in the Hands of Angry God".
PAMPHLETS AND PROPAGANDA.
Political writings that became the "fuel" for the revolution.
WRITINGS THAT LAUNCHED THE NATION.
VOICES OF THE PEOPLE.
Philis Wheatley-Natural Rights.
Declaration of Independence, The Constitution.
Abigail Adams- Rights for all citizens.