industrial revolution (Working class -a group of people who work for…
-a group of people who work for wages, mostly in industrial work.
-a group of people between working and upper class.
-A person or group that is involved in wholesale trades.
-A series of workers and machines in a factory to make identical parts.
socialism: a political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.
profit: a financial gain, especially the difference between the amount earned and the amount spent in buying, operating, or producing something.
inventions in the industrial revolution
-A invention that separated
-A invention that helped moved goods and people.
stoke: add coal or other solid fuel to (a fire, furnace, or boiler)
steam engine: an engine that uses the expansion or rapid condensation of steam to generate power.
a steam locomotive
a lever worked by the foot that imparts motion to a machine.
-a factory for making textiles
spinning jenny: a machine for spinning with more than one spindle at a time
reaper: a person or machine that harvests a crop.
-a type of cloth or woven fabric.
steamboat: a boat that is propelled by a steam engine
an American engineer and inventor who created the steamboat
-an invention that allowed for people to talk using a device from long distances.
richard trevthick: was a British inventor and mining engineer
shuttle: a wooden device with two pointed ends holding a bobbin, used for carrying the weft thread between the warp threads in weaving.
vulcanize: to harden rubber materials with extreme
tenement: a piece of land held by an owner/ or a small apartment with little space.
standard of living: the degree of wealth and material comfort available to a person or community.
shareholder: an owner of shares in a company.
key terms in the industrial revolution
specialization: the process of concentrating on and becoming expert in a particular subject or skill.
Utilitarianism: the belief that actions are right if they are useful or for the benefit of a majority.
union: the state of being united or joined
urbanization: the process of making an area more urban
: these strikes continually disrupted supply, steel consumers increasingly looked to foreign sources for cheap, reliable product after the collapse of the industries.
rural: characteristic of the countryside rather than the town.
revolution: a forced overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system.
proletariat: workers or working-class people, regarded collectively