11.1.The American Revolution ( (New taxes = The Quartering Act - keeping…
11.1.The American Revolution
The Quartering Act - keeping British army for protection.
The Stamp Act - tax on legal documents.
=> No taxation without representation.
- America had to sell tobacco at low prices but had to buy sugar from British colonies at high prices.
1756 = many fought in French and Indian war and gained
Immigrants called themselves Americans not British so they were angry they were being ruled by a
realized the divine
right of kings was
-USA = democratic country; all white men
had the right to vote -> big impact on France.
-Ireland was inspired -> United Irishmen.
-USA had a constitution and a Bill of Rights.
-Washington became the 1st president.
-USA expanded from 13 states to 50 states.
Benjamin Franklin = ambassador
in Paris. Convinced French to fight
after victory in Saratoga. French
sent 6000 troops and attacked
British Royal Navy.
Washington beat General Cornwallis;
Yorktown, Virginia 19-Oct-1781; end of war.
British reps signed Treaty of Paris in 1783;
USA = independent
Winter 1777-78 Washington trained army in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
Aided by Frederik Von Steuben.
1776 Washington beat British; Boston
British beat Americans; New York.
1777 British captured Philadelphia.
1777 Oct Americans won; Saratoga.(led by General Horatio Gates)
Thomas Paine = 'Common Sense' encouraged Americans.
3rd CC in 1776
= declared independence.
The Declaration of Independence
1774 = 1st Continental Congress
in Philadelphia. Each colony will train its own militia.
16-Dec-1773 = Boston Tea Party
Group of colonists dumped tea into Boston harbour. British closed harbour. British closed port and made new laws, nicknamed:
The Boston Massacre
1767 = Townshend Acts;
tax on everyday items.
Boston 1770; 5 protesters shot dead. British repealed Acts but kept tax on tea.
-Lived with Lawrence who died; 1752.
-Inherited Mount Vernon.
-1756 fought in French and Indian War
-1759 married Martha Dandridge = rich
-Member of Virginia Assembly.
-Attended 1st CC
-Seen as a patriot like BJ, TJ, JA.
Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army
British governer; General Gage tried to seize weapons in Concord.
Americans attacked British in Lexington.
British fought to Concord but then had to retreat to Boston.
England = a
= king (George iii) that shared
power with Westminster parliament.
for the 13 colonies.
Each colony has an elected assembly.
Virginia - 1606
New York -1664
Pennsylvania - 1677
Wealthy because of cotton and tobacco.
Immigration from Britain, Germany and Ireland =
2 and 1/2 million people