Imperialism By Jacob Stolberg (What were the four forms of Imperialism?,…
By Jacob Stolberg
What is it?
The exact definition of Imperialism is the domination one country has over another politically, economically, and socially.
What were the three major causes of Imperialism?
The Industrial Revolution- During the Industrial Revolution, the European countries needed natural resources and the African Countries had plenty of the resources that were needed.
Humanitarian and Religious Reasoning- The European countries not only had a deep feeling of nationalism and pride for their countries, but they also felt a sense of superiority over the territories/ countries that they were imperializing. There was racism that was apparent in how the Europeans forced their cultures and religion on the natives.
Nationalism- The Europeans competed with one another to see which country would be the best, and they ALL thought that they were the best. They would try to have the most power/ influence over the other countries/territories, to prove that they are the best
What European countries became Imperial powers?
The countries that became Imperial powers were France, Great Britain, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Holland, Spain, Portugal, and Russia.
What were the four forms of Imperialism?
Protectorate- A country/ territory that has its own internal government, but is under control of an outside power. This means that the outside power has no direct control in the country/ territory, but influences its laws/ decisions.
Sphere of Influence- An area which an outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading privileges.
Colony- A government or territory governed internally by a foreign power.
Economic Imperialism- An independent but less developed country controlled by private interests rather than another country/ government.
What Conference decided the fate of Africa?
What countries were missing from that conference?
The countries missing from the conference were the African countries themselves, with them having no representation at all.
Why did nations decide to acquire Africa during the late 1800s and 1900s?
Nations decided to acquire Africa during the late 1800s and 1900s because they required the natural resources in Africa and had finally developed the means to do it. The Europeans previously had no way to easily traverse the rivers of Africa, and were very susceptible to malaria, which was very common at the time. The introduction of the steamboats and the creation of quinine to prevent malaria allowed for Europe to finally gain control of Africa.
The conference that decided the fate of Africa was the Berlin Conference.
What were the positive effects of Imperialism on the colonized nations?
Some of the positive effects of Imperialism on the colonized nations were reduced local warfare, improved sanitation and the construction of basic infrastructure. Hospitals and schools were also introduced to the imperialization nations.
What were the negative effects on the colonized countries?
The negative effects on the colonized countries was the loss of control over the land from the native people as well the introduction of new, deadly diseases. Much of the existing culture of the native peoples had been lost when the existing leaders had been taken out of power, and the Europeans forced their own culture and religion onto the natives.