Imperialism (Imperial Countries (Italy, Holland, Belgium, Spain, Germany,…
The forms of Imperialism
Sphere of Influence
Positives effects of Imperialism for African countries
Less local warfare
provided hospitals and schools, life span increased and literacy was improved
railroads, dams, and telephone and
telegraph lines were built in African colonies.
Negative effects of Imperialism for Africans
Loss of independence and land
Europeans brought new diseases that killed tons of africans
breakdown of their traditional culture, cultural figures replaced.
Causes for Imperialism
The Industrial Revolution
With the rie of the industrial revolution, the European countries had tremendous demand for raw materials. Imperialization of foreign lands provided rubber, copper, gold, and palm oil in Africa, cotton and Jute in India, and Tin from Southeast Asia.
The expansion of markets led to thousands of manufactured goods to sell, like tools, weapons, and clothing. This excess of goods could be sold in the Imperialized lands.
Humanitarian and Religous Reasons
The European people thought that the people from Africa and Asia were uncivilized. When they came to take over their lands, they spread their culture and religion to the people there. This led to the spread of languages, ideas, traditions, and technologies.
Rival countries competed for power, urging their citizens to move away to far-off countries. With the promise of power, personal glory, and profits to persuade the people to live and rule over imperialized states and colonies.
What is Imperialism?
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy, military force, or purchases.
The Berlin Conference
The Europeans were all competing to gain more land, their sense of nationalism led them to believe that the bigger the empire, the better the nation. When Germany suddenly entered the Imperial competition, Africa is where they went, they found gold and diamonds in the center of Africa, enticing the other European countries.