A dispute over taxes between the French king and the pope in Rome fractured the Church. King Philip of France, established in Avignon, France, named Clement V as pope. Of course, there was also a pope, named Boniface, in Rome. Thus, there were two rival popes: a pope and an anti-pope. For most of the 14th century, the Great Schism divided the Church. Some medieval Christians believed that the Great Schism angered God. They believed God sent the plague to punish the Church and its flock. This period really divided the Church along national lines.