Early Childhood (0-5 years)
Early Childhood (0-5 years)
Steps into a run
Drink from cup, eats with spoon
Can run and kick
Walks up stairs with support
Can hop and jump
Successfully can use spoon and fork to cut and mash their own food
Sits without support
Pulls to stand
Stand with support
Makes smooth movements of the limbs
Can hold objects in hand and can move hand to mouth
Child can hold up head
Can roll over from stomach to back
Can sit without support
Cry When mom or dad leaves
Hands one a book and expects a story
Repeats sounds and actions seeking attention
Emotional skills are being able to recognize, express, understand and manage a wide range of feelings
Children who can understand and manage their feelings, stay calm and enjoy experiences are more likely to develop a positive sense of self and be confident and curious learners.
Look at correct item when named
Points with index finger :
Follow simple directions
Cognitive development includes building skills such as pre-reading, language, vocabulary, and numeracy
Children of this age continue to advance their skills in observing and interacting with the world around them
Understanding of self
Children have difficulty imagining themselves as a whole. They figure that if they can't see something then that something can't see them.
Children try to find the characteristics that make them special or different from other children such as freckles, birthmarks, skin color, hair color, eye color, etc.
Children during this age are somewhat selfish and tend to focus on how they avoid punishment or how they can gain some sort of reward for themselves.
Understanding of outside world
6 months-2 years
Rather be around familiar people and places
Shy and nervous around strangers and foreign objects
Children at this age want to become friends with the people around them
Tries to decide what in the world is real or make believe
Starts to understand other peoples interests, gender, and identities
Starts to respond to other people's emotions
Searches for familiar faces
Piaget believed that children in this stage are developing their motor skills and a curiosity for the world around them. He believes that abstract thought is difficult at this time such as children having difficulty understanding their whole self.
Erikson believed that children were developing characteristics and emotions such as empathy and humor. They learned to trust or mistrust certain people. They are learning more about other people than themselves according to Erikson.
Kohlberg believes that children are rather selfish in their way of thinking during this time. They are interesting in who they are and what they can get such as a focus on reward rather than punishment as they continue to grow and develop.