What are the four forms of imperialism?
Colony - A country or a territory governed internally by a foreign power.
Examples - Somaliland in East Africa was a French colony.
Sphere of Influence - An area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges.
Examples - Liberia was under the sphere of influence of the United States.
Protectorate - A country or a territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power.
Example - Britain established a protectorate over the Niger River delta.
Economic Imperialism - An independent but less developed country controlled by private business interests rather than other government.
Examples - The Dole Fruit company controlled pineapple trade in Hawaii.
What is Imperialism?
Imperialism is a policy in which one country seeks to extend its authority by conquering other countries or by establishing economic and political dominance over other countries.
What were the three major causes for imperialism?
personal glory and profit motives
Imperialistic countries urge their citizens to move to far off colonies.
What were the negative effects of imperialism on the nations that were colonized during this time?
Africans lost control of their land and their independence. Many died of new diseases such as smallpox. They also lost thousands of their people in resisting the Europeans. Famines resulted from the change to cash crops in place of subsistence agriculture.
What were the positive effects of imperialism on the nations that were colonized during this time?
colonialism reduced local warfare. Humanitarian efforts in some colonies improved sanitation and provided hospitals and schools. As a result, lifespans increased and literacy rates improved. Also positive was the economic expansion.
What European countries became imperial powers?
The European countries became imperial powers was France, GB, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Holland, Spain,
Portugal, and Russia.
What conference decided the fate of Africa?
The Berlin Conference in 1884–1885, European nations established rules for the division of Africa with little concern about how their actions would affect the African people.