Science of Composting (Key Factors Affecting The Composting Process (Food…
Science of Composting
Key Factors Affecting The Composting Process
There should be an equal amount of nitrogen and carbon. You get nitrogen from greens liken vegetables. You get carbon from browns such as dry leaves.
If you are doing the add-on composting you can alternate the layers to make sure there is a balance between the carbon and nitrogen.
If you are doing the batch composting you can weight the two materials to see if it is equal then you can add it in your compost and let it sit.
Microorganisms need oxygen to survive if there is no oxygen then the microorganisms will not survive so the compost will not have any physical decomposers.
You should try to stir the compost so it allows the oxygen to come in it
There should be moisture at all times because the microorganisms can't survive in the heat. The need a damp place to survive.
To make sure the is moisture you should try to add water to your composting bin once a week and make sure you don't add too much water.
Microorganisms need the compost temperature to be 90º and 140ºF if it is above 140°F then the Microorganisms will not survive because of the heat.
Add water to cool down the temperature so it is not too hot.
Particle Size Factor
For the microorganisms, it is necessary that the materials should be divided into smaller pieces so the microorganisms are able to digest the food. If the pieces are too big then it will be very hard for the microorganisms to digest it.
You can crush the materials to make it smaller.
Organisms In a compost pile
mites, centipedes, sow bugs, snails, millipedes, springtails, spiders, slugs, beetles, ants, flies, nematodes, flatworms, rotifers, and earthworm
bacteria, fungi, and actinomycetes