Students With Deafness and Hearing Loss (How Do Learners Who Are Deaf of…
Students With Deafness and Hearing Loss
What Are Deafness and Hearing Loss?
Hearing impairment means an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child's performance but that is not included under the definition of deafness.
Deafness means a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
What Are the Characteristics of Individuals Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing?
"For children who are deaf or hard of hearing, the quality and quantity of interactions and communication partners tends to differ significantly from those of other children."
Gaps in pathways for experiential learning.
Lagging behind or having difficulty with cognitive ability; academics, such as reading and math; and some social situations. Shown to often excel at math.
How is Hearing Loss Identified?
Audiological evaluation- a specialized series of hearing tests, used to determine if a hearing loss exists and to quantify and qualify hearing in terms of the degree of hearing loss, type of hearing loss, and configuration of the hearing loss.
Determination of Eligibility- inability to recognize most words spoken at a conversational level in a quiet room without the use of assist devices; a significant receptive or expressive language delay; impairment of speech articulation, voice, or fluency; discrepancy between verbal and nonverbal performance on an intelligence test; delay in reading development; inattention; etc.
How Do Learners Who Are Deaf of Hard of Hearing Receive Their Education?
Preferred communication needs of the child and family.
Severity of hearing loss and potential for using residual hearing.
Social, emotional, and cultural needs, including opportunities for peer interactions and communication.
What Are Recommended Practices for Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing?
Integrated Vocabulary and Concept Development
Experiential Ladder of Learning
Visual Teaching Strategies
What Are the Perspectives of Parents and Families?
Parents want support and information.
What Trends and Issues Are Affecting the Field of Deaf Education?
Universal Newborn hearing screening