Sampling areas are Kubah National Park, Bako National Park, Niah National Park, and Gunung Mulu National Park.
Permit research on wildlife applied from Sarawak Forestry Corporation.
Four-bank harp traps and high pole 10-shelf mist nests (7.3m) used to trap bats, which reported as optimum effort in trapping chiropterans by Abdullah (2003) and Hall et al. (2004).
Harp traps positioned across trail, forest opening and small streams.
High nets set up at sub-canopy level.