Industrialization and Economic Development (Measures of development are…
Industrialization and Economic Development
The Industrial Revolution, as it diffused from its hearth, facilitated improvements in standards of living.
The Industrial Revolution
economies of scale
As industrialization diffused, what was its impact on population growth; food supply; types of jobs; demand for raw materials; markets; colonialism and imperialism?
What was it? Where did it start, and when? Why there?
Weber's least cost theory
truck, train, ship, air, pipeline
Development is a process that varies across space and time.
foreign direct investment
more trading and trade blocs
global economic interdependence
shift in manufacturing to NICs
imbalances in consumption patterns
global financial crises
the role of women in the workforce
international division of labour
manufacturing zones in new locations
flexible production systems
government initiatives at all scales may help promote economic development
barriers to development?
Sustainable development is a strategy to address resource depletion and environmental degradation.
issues of human health and well-being
social and economic equity
impact of climate change
costs and effects of pollution
ecotourism as development strategy
Measures of development are used to understand patterns of social and economic differences at a variety of scales.
social and economic measures
GNI per capita
infant mortality rate
income distribution - Gini coefficient
access to health care
measures of gender inequality
GII: reproductive health; labour market participation; indices of empowerment
women's role in economic development and gender equity in the workforce
Human Development Index
What explains spatial variations in levels of development?
Rostow's modernization model
Wallerstein's World Systems Theory
UN Millennium/Sustainable Development Goals