Before the change
“He carried his own low temperature around with
"Hard and sharp as a flint"
Are there no prisons? Are there no workhouses?”
"It's not my business"
“If they would rather die, they had better do it and
decrease the surplus population”
after the change
“I don’t know anything.
I’m quite a baby.”
“I have come to dinner. Will you let me in Fred?”
“Therefore I am about to raise your salary!”
“Not a farthing less. A great many back payments are
included in it.”
“I wear the chain I forged in life...The chain was made
up of cash boxes..ledgers..heavy purses”
Shows that the mistakes he made in life through followed him beyond the grave.
“Mankind was my business!”
Marley means that mankind should have been his business instead of making money from it. He should have been giving to mankind instead of taking away from it and causing suffering
“My spirit never roved beyond the narrow limits of
our money changing hole”
Metaphor – to show he was doomed in life due to his obsession with money and that this carries on in death too.
“Don’t be angry Uncle. Merry Christmas!”
Short Sentences – showing that he is happy, like Christmas and charitable.
“Scrooge’s offences carry their own punishment. Who suffers? Himself!”
Shows he understands Scrooge is his own worst enemy