Speech & Language Impairment (Speech and language impairments is a…
Speech & Language Impairment
• Preschool Language Disorders
• Learning Disabilities
• Selective Mutism
• Childhood Apraxia of Speech
• Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders
• Speech Sound Disorders
Speech and language impairments is a communicationdisorder such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment.
Impaired articulation” indicates impairments in which a child experiences challenges in pronouncing specific sounds.
A language impairment” can entail difficulty comprehending words properly, expressing oneself and listening to others.
Voice impairment- involves difficulty voicing words; for instance, throat issues may cause an abnormally soft voice.
A communication disorder- stuttering provides a fluency disorder; word repetition and hesitant speech.
Hearing loss, neurological disorders, brain injury, intellectual disabilities, physical impairments such as cleft lip or palate, and vocal abuse or misuse. Frequently, however, the cause is unknown.
What Causes Speech & Language Impairments
What causes Language Impairments?
• Listen and respond to your child
• Talk, read, and play with your child
• Communicate with your child in the language that you are most comfortable using
• Teach your child to speak a second language
• Talk about what you are doing and what your child is doing
• Use lots of different words with children
• Use longer sentences as your child gets older
• Have child play with other children
Ways to Help With Speech Sound Disorders
• Say the sounds correctly when you talk—it's okay if your child makes some mistakes with sounds
Speech Impairments Strategies
Develop a procedure for the student to ask for help.
Speak directly to the student.
Be a good speech model.
Have easy and good interactive communication in classroom.
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) help with spoken & written language, speech sound disorders, stuttering (disfluency), and voice disorders.
Augmentative and Alternative Communication Devices
Language Impairment Strategies
Focus on interactive communication.
Use active listening.
Incorporate the student’s interests into speech.
Ensure that the student has a way to appropriately express their wants and needs.
Reinforce communication attempts (e.g. their gestures, partial verbalizations) when the student is non-verbal or emerging verbal.