people's perceptions of the BMA (disruption of education (deborah)…
people's perceptions of the BMA
shortage of housing (amelia)
Even after the government introduced a law on rent control to protect the people living in pre-war houses and built flats to help solve the housing shortage, they were not successful as the living conditions of the people did not improve
the people were not satisfied with the government's efforts
many houses were destroyed by the war, and the shortage of houses resulted in the rapid rise of rents. This caused people who could not afford the high rent to squeeze into small overcrowded buildings, where the living conditions were overcrowded and unhygienic
The people had no jobs, which meant that they would not be able to afford necessities to live.
The growth in population also made finding jobs difficult as there was competition.
Many of the jobs created by the Japanese disappeared after the British returned.
change of currency (alethea)
Difficult to get new currency after banana money was no longer legal tender (many people only had banana money)
Total payment for each household should not be more than $20
People couldn't make enough money because of the cap on the house grants
Special relief grants were issued so that people could earn the new currency
Hard to get jobs to earn the new currency
disruption of water, electricity and gas supplies (jessica)
factories which needed gas and electricity to power machinery and manufacture goods were unable to function properly, creating a negative impact on the country’s economy
people did not have clean drinking water, gas to cook food, cleanliness (showering etc.), artificial light, telephone services and other electrical appliances
barely adequate effort from BMA in getting japanese prisoners of war to help repair water mains and machinery in power stations, import chlorine from other countries to treat water and make it safe for drinking, and attempt
to repair the faulty water pipes
shortage of food (j)
the war destroyed many ships transporting food supplies, along with warehouses to store these foods. this caused food prices to rise due to shortage of food: black markets were common!!
British cleared the harbour, removing sunken ships and explosives laid by the Japanese, to allow import of foods.
food rationing! items rationed were milk, sugar, fresh fish and vegetables
however, some poor people could not obtain these food items
People's Restaurants were set up to provide meals at affordable prices
setting up of Family Restaurants
helped very poor families who could not even afford 35-cent meals.
enabled people to have an 8-cent meal compromising rice, fish, vegetables, gravy, iced water or Chinese tea.
provide all children under six years with at least one free meal a day. feeding centres were set up in some clinics and schools to provide free meals for those who needed them.
disruption of education (deborah)
BMA placed “orders for teaching materials and other essentials” and quickly re-opened schools in October 1945, just a few months after the Japanese Occupation ended, such that education for needy families would be free
schools received proper facilities and sufficient teaching materials and needy children were able to attend school without cost
schools were without proper facilities, which made having a conducive study environment difficult
no education would mean little skills in preparation for working adult life
over-influx of students due to many students halting education during the Japanese Occupation
many families were too poor to afford education.
poor health conditions :check:
Lack of Proper Medication & Health Supplies
People could not receive proper medication as the hospitals did not have enough equipment, medicine, furniture and bedding. This contributed to the already high death rate that was 2 times pre war levels.
Malnutrition & Disease
The people then suffered malnutrition and diseases such as smallpox because of poor health conditions. The overcrowded living conditions encouraged the spread of contagious diseases, such as tuberculosis.
BMA launched an island wide-health campaign on Oct 1945 to encourage locals to receive free medical services as well as vaccinations against certain diseases like tuberculosis.