Factors Affecting Equilibrium (2) Temperature (Maryam Alshaikh,…
Factors Affecting Equilibrium
Endothermic ( +delta H) | when the temperature increases (to the right) | when the temperature decreases (to the left) | favored at high temperature |
Exothermic ( -delta H) | when the temperature increases (to the left) | when the temperature decreases (to the right) | favored at low temperature |
1) Pressure & Volume
The reaction moves towards the side with less gas particles
The reaction moves towards the side with more gas particles
A catalyst only speeds up a reaction -reaches equilibrium faster- and not change the amount of product formed.
3) Concentration (ADDING products)
Products are converted to reactants (RIGHT shifts to LEFT). Same happens when reactants are removed.
3) Concentration (REMOVING products)
chalier's principle suggests that any disturbance in the balance of a reaction will only result with the equilibrium shifting to the direction that will produce a new product.
Removing products will result with the equilibrium shifting to the right.
3) Concentration (ADDING Reactants)
Adding reactants will result with the equilibrium shifting to the left.