Why was the Treaty signed? (English: (Humanitarian involvement: (B…
Why was the Treaty signed?
B traders, whalers and soldiers living in NZ, moral code to protect them while had no legal responsibilities to them. Increasing settler activity, protect Maori, strengthen Crictian ministries.
Alcohol, Prostitution and violence apart of settlers, undermining Maori tradition. Allowing B to protect Maori interests and strengthen Christian missionaries.
NZ ws filled with natural resources such as gold, flax, timber, whales and seals, easily exploitable.
France made moves towards NZ. AUS was already under B sphere, meaning B would not allow France to gain a foothold in that region.
Private Land purchases (B wanted to control land sales)
Indivudla settlers were claiming to have acquired thousands of acres of land from Maori for little money.
Super contradictory as that's exactly what they did.
Declaration of Independence 1835:
Sets up the confederation of United Tribes to meet in Congress, "The parent of their infant state."
Signed because: issue over the flag and nation. A way to hold France back.
Declared the land to be an independent state
Sovereignty over NZ
Looking after peace and order
Loyalty to the state.
Control over settlers
Protection of resources and authority
Alliance with major world power
Allowing Maori to advance international trade relations.
Allow Maori to all of the British protection and increase trade opportunities. B was so powerful that its control of NZ was a foregone conclusion and that it was better to accept this fact and work with it than fight in vain against the inevitable.
Our founding constitutional document, but not a full statement of our government and how it will run.
Hobson only recently visited NZ, little open knowledge, advised by people who had key interests, e.g. Busby, Missionaries.
Maori had no tradition of written treaties, whereas B did, detailed every word, foreign concept to Maori.
There were a lot of prior conversations about assurances regarding Maori outcomes, B assumed wouldn't take any power away, very different to what Maori signed.
PRINCIPLES: the literal words of the treaty are of secondary importance, but the principles of the treaty are what the government and the courts are looking at. Look at the words to understand what the principles might be.
The Treaty of Waiting gave British crown pre-emption or sole right of purchase of Maori Land. This might have protected Maori customs and interests, but instead, the Crown used its monopoly to agressively purchase Maori land.