E103 ST15 Language & Literacy (English speaking children take 3 x…
E103 ST15 Language & Literacy
Literacy, in the twenty-first century, involves far more than a knowledge of words and letters
Literacy and our own use of language are connected to our personal identity
The need for a literate and digitally up-to-date population is seen as essential in a globalised world. Yet, in many countries, the majority of children do not complete primary school. We know this from international league tables comparing rates of literacy between countries.
ST15 section 2
new digital technologies have made a significant impact on the forms of literacy we regularly encounter. section 4
CT curriculum in England was replaced by a separate subject called ‘Computing’, made up of three strands: computer science, information technology and digital literacy (DfE, 2013). section 4
individual schools develop their own ways of implementing these requirements, which can result in the approach to teaching and learning in language and literature having contrasting flavours in different schools, even though they are accountable to the same statutory requirements.
the study of grammar is intensely fascinating : but only when we're ready for it
let creativity flow then proof read it later not be bogged down
'plan, draft, edit, revise, rewrite - always in the same order
What are the "BASICS"?? spelling and punctuation can be checked when proof reading so should not be deemed 'the basics'
. A member of the module team commented: ‘I have seen children disheartened by comments such as “please use more connectives”, having received no praise for effort or their imaginative use of language.’ Reading 15.1
in ‘camp’, the ‘m’ sound may start during the vowel and then overlap with the ‘p’ sound. This accounts for some children appearing to find it hard to ‘hear’ the penultimate phoneme when spelling words like ‘w ant’, ‘pump’ and ‘sand’. This kind of ‘overlap’ occurs to some extent in almost all words.* Activity 15.5
Reading comprehension is an active process between the reader and the text; it involves a range of strategies to establish the meaning of the text while also drawing on existing knowledge (Parker and Hurry, 2007). Being able to infer or deduce from the text, requires the developing reader to seek information beyond the printed word. Research by Paul Gee (2004) suggests that children who are confident and engaged across a range of text types are more able to apply their comprehension skills to more conventional texts*. section 2.3
Debates over phonics section 2.4
The ‘Simple view of reading’ model was articulated in England in the government-commissioned Independent Review of the Teaching of Early Reading, subsequently referred to as the ‘Rose Review’ (DfES, 2006). The review cited international research evidence to support its recommendation that best practice in the teaching of reading involves ‘systematic phonic work’ (DfES, 2006, p. 70) and that this work should be explicit and should start by the age of 5 for most children
no two children are alike, and what works for one child may not work for another, and what works for an individual child may not necessarily consist entirely of one approach or another.
The term ‘miscue’ was coined by Kenneth Goodman (1969) in relation to children’s reading, because what we might easily think of as ‘errors’ can, in fact, tell us a lot about what children do know.
carried out by listening to a child reading a suitably challenging text aloud, while the teacher or teaching assistant follows a copy of the same text, marking any departures from the printed text on the adult’s copy. * section 3.2
English speaking children take 3 x longer to master reading and writing than the european average of 1 year! (Bell, R2 p, 256)
Professor Seymour and collegues(cited in Bell, 2013, p.258) ranked English and the 'most irregular and hardest-to-master language of the 13 European languages they compared.
can we really even call it a 'system' it has so many irregularities (Bell, 2013, p.259)
having to constantly
to the rules makes english reading and writing so difficult to learn. (Bell, 2013, p.259)
of the 6,800 most commonly used English words 3,695 have one or more unpredictably spelt letter!!! (Bell, 2013 p.260)
those with an above average visual memory tend to be the best spellers. Bell, 2013, p.261.
if you find something easy/take to it easily you then enjoy it, you therefore do it more (in this case read and write) therefore stay ahead...this is case with everything in my opinion- nice to have it backed up !! Bell, 2013, p.261)
Italian's with dyslexia do not find out until learn English!!! Bell, 2013, p.262)
need a balance of both phonics and 'word by word memorisation p.263
If teachers are to teach for creativity in writing, then composing at their own level is probably a pre-requisite experience, or is at the very least a potentially valuable one.
(Cremin, 2006, cited in ST15, section 3.6- echos my thoughts on why I teach dance and theatre better than someone who doesn't have the practical experience. Best if really know/have lived what you are teaching/passing on
teachers as writers...
Optional study ] The Writing is Primary report (Ings, 2009) ST15 section 3.6
independent study for E103: Talk to Write 2: Hear, Map, Step, Speak. section 3.8
Word-processing software may mean that the days of distinct drafts may be over. With the facility to revise over and over, each draft merges into the next, potentially making the process of redrafting a natural and relatively painless one.
section 3.7 'revision'
explore.org website’s Tundra Buggy Cam. live cam website is amazing!!
If literacy learning in school is linked primarily to what can be formally tested, children’s literacy development becomes narrowed down and its potential for enjoyment reduced. Literacy learning can instead be seen as an exploratory process to which children bring their own ideas and resources to actively make meaning of the texts they encounter. There is huge potential for new technologies to help children become more autonomous in their literacy learning, and in our ever-changing technological landscape, this will continue to expand.