THe Vikings attack Britain in the late AD. 800s.
Alfred the Great unites the kingdoms and used the collected power to drive away the vikings. The united kingdom was named Arauelamd.
Angles and Saxons invaded Britain in ealy Ad. 4005.They created many little , separate kingdoms.
When the latest King of England dies, Hardd Godwinson and William fight for the crown! After the batttle, William wins, becomes king, and is known as "William the conqueror". Normandy and England become and kingdom.
Williams decendant, Henry, ruled England from 1154 to 1184. During his rule he Utilized the law courts to invrease his power and set up a central court. He began to have cases and hearings. He also developed two kingds of jurries to solve issues in the city.
The rats infected the trade routes by jumping into carvans and biting the people inside.
The Black Death spread when a couple of fleas became infected with the bacterium.
The Black Death affected many countries and infected millions. China was most affected. Killing 40-60 million people which was half of the population! Europe was second most affected infecteing and killing 19-38 million people and London in 3rd with 68 thousand deaths.
Easter egg: Beauty and the beast flower and the Rome Colosseum.
Geography of Europe:
Farm land can be brought for around 2,000 euros per hectare.
Mountains: Alps range, Pyrenees range, Ural Mountains, Carpathian Mountains, Eastern Alps, Mount Elbrus. Rivers: Danube River, Rhine, Volga, Ural.
Land in 2004 accession countries of Porland, Hungry and the Czech Republic is now more that double the vost that in Romania, but still cheaper than western Europe.
Oceans: The Atlantic ocean is the largest body of water surrounding Europe.
Charles Martal may have created the first form of Feudalism to protect France against invaders in 800 AD.
Lords ladies owned huge units of land called a fief, which had the manor and surrounding area.
William the conqueror introduced this to England after the 1066 Battle of Hastings.
The church would control who went to heaven and who went church power over people's lives and the church could determine how people lived.
Thw first catholic church was built in 1000 A.D so people can honer their god.
Catholics believe that the pope, who is based to saint Peter, which Christ appointed as the first head of his church.
Crusades went on for over 100 years
A crusade is a holy war to recapture holy land.
There is 4 crusades.
The French won the 100 year war and defeated the English
The Reconquest ended in 1492.
King Edward the third declared himself king and started s 100 year war.
Pope vs. King:
Excommunicated meant that the king couldn't go to church it also meant that he wouldn't go to heaven.
The pope wanted the church to be not just about spiritual aspects but over daily life.
Gregory disapproved Emperor Henry. This is when it all happened Emperor Henry got made for questioning Mrs, authority he asked the bishops to excommunicate.
Spread of Christianity:
The Pope was a pretty influential person, so in influential that the Pop, could crown Kings and Emperors, and was thought to have more power then the emperor.
In the beginning, Roman Christians were persecuted for centuries in the Roman Empire.
In Europe, Christianity began as an urban religion it spread to wealthy landowners and then to rural tenat farmers.