Cycle 6 Week 1 Social World Vocab (Law: the system of rules that a…
Cycle 6 Week 1 Social World Vocab
Law: the system of rules that a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and may enforce by the imposition of penalties.
Rule of Law: the restriction of the arbitrary exercise of power by subordinating it to well-defined and established laws.
Procedure: an established or official way of doing something.
Due process: fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially as a citizen's entitlement.
Transparency: government's obligation to share information with citizens. It is at the heart of how citizens hold their public officials accountable.
Law Code: a type of legislation that purports to exhaustively cover a complete system of laws or a particular area of law as it existed at the time the code was enacted, by a process of codification.
Civil Law: the system of law concerned with private relations between members of a community rather than criminal, military, or religious affairs.
Criminal Law: a system of law concerned with the punishment of those who commit crimes.
Constitutional Law: Constitutional law is a body of law which defines the role, powers, and structure of different entities within a state
Military Law: the law governing the armed forces.
Court: a tribunal presided over by a judge, judges, or a magistrate in civil and criminal cases.
Judge: a public official appointed to decide cases in a court of law.
Jury: a body of people sworn to give a verdict in a legal case on the basis of evidence submitted to them in court.
State Court: a state court has jurisdiction over disputes with some connection to a U.S. state, as opposed to the federal government.
Federal Court: can only hear cases authorized by the United States Constitution or federal statutes.
Court Order: a direction issued by a court or a judge requiring a person to do or not do something.
Discovery: the compulsory disclosure, by a party to an action, of relevant documents referred to by the other party.
Trial: a formal examination of evidence before a judge, and typically before a jury, in order to decide guilt in a case of criminal or civil proceedings
Summary Judgement: a judgment entered by a court for one party and against another party summarily
Verdict: a decision on a disputed issue in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.
Appeal: apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.
Arrest: seize someone by legal authority and take into custody.
Arraignment: the action of arraigning someone in court.
Plea-bargain: any agreement in a criminal case between the prosecutor and defendant whereby the defendant agrees to plead guilty to a particular charge in return for some concession from the prosecutor.
Sentencing: declare the punishment decided for (an offender)
Probation: the release of an offender from detention, subject to a period of good behavior under supervision.
FL County Court: a court of record having jurisdiction within a county over civil matters and some criminal matters.
FL Circuit Court: The Florida circuit courts are state courts, and are trial courts of original jurisdiction for most controversies.
FL District Court of Appeal: the intermediate appellate courts of the Florida state court system.
FL Supreme Court: the highest court in the U.S. state of Florida.