**ROBOTICS (Application of Robotics (Medicine (The robots are capable of…
Application of Robotics
The robots are capable of carrying out hundreds of clinical tests simultaneously, rehabilitating permanently disabled people, and performing complex surgeries such as brain tumors.
The robot rock climbers used for space exploration, underwater drones used for ocean exploration are to name a few.
Autonomous robots can reach inaccessible and hazardous zones during war. A robot named Daksh, developed by Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), is in function to destroy life-threatening objects safely.
Disney’s engineers have created hundreds of robots for movie making.
Robots are used for handling material, cutting, welding, color coating, drilling, polishing, etc.
Types Of Robots
Virtual robots don’t exits in real life. Virtual robots are just programs, building blocks of software inside a computer.
Autonomous robots are self supporting or in other words self contained. In a way they rely on their own ‘brains’.
Robots are not only used to explore areas or copy a human being. Most robots perform repeating tasks without moving.
Remote Controlled Robots
A person can guide a robot by remote controls. A person can perform difficult and usually dangerous tasks without being there.
Robots on leg are usually used when the terrain is rocky. Most robots have at least 4 legs; usually they have 6 or more.
Rolling robots have wheels to move around. They can quickly and easily search. However they can only be useful in flat areas.
Laws Of Robotics
A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the
Higher order law.
A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm, unless this would violate a higher order law
A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws.
A robot may not harm humanity, or by inaction, allow humanity to come to harm.
t requires fewer number of motors to accomplish a movement. It is little easy to implement as there are less stability issues in case of more number of wheels. It is power efficient as compared to legged locomotion.
In this type, the vehicles use tracks as in a tank. The robot is steered by moving the tracks with different speeds in the same or opposite direction. It offers stability because of large contact area of track and ground.
This type of locomotion consumes more power while demonstrating walk, jump, trot, hop, climb up or down, etc.
The first industrial robots were Unimates developed by George Devol and Joe Engelberger in 1961.
The word robot comes from the Czech word robota, meaning compulsory labor.
Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, mechatronics, nanotechnology and bioengineering.