THE EARLY REPUBLIC : BUILDING A WORKABLE GOVERNMENT (BILL OF RIGHTS (The…
THE EARLY REPUBLIC : BUILDING A WORKABLE GOVERNMENT
faced 4 immediate tasks
setting up executive departments
responding to states' calls for a bill of rights
organising the federal judiciary
representing Virginia in the House of Representatives became influential in Congress
persuaded Congress to adopt the
Revenue Act of 1789
(imposing a 5% tariff on certain imports). > First Congress achieved an effective national tax law.
BILL OF RIGHTS
The first 10 amendments of the Constitution that guaranteed personal liberties.
"In every government power may oppress"
- James Madison
became part of the Constitution on December 15, 1791.
EXECUTIVE AND JUDICIARY
EXECUTIVE BRANCH (CONGRESS) =
3 administrative departments (established under the Articles of Confederation)
Foreign Affairs (renamed State)
Instituted 2 lesser posts : the attorney general (nation's official lawyer) +the postmaster general.
JUDICIAL BRANCH = (SUPREME COURT)
Judiciary Act of 1789
defined the federal judiciary's jurisdiction
established a six-member Supreme Court + 13 district courts + three appellate courts.
DEBATE OVER SLAVERY