Origins of the Protestant Reformation
-Christian humanism is the idea that the ability of humans to reason and improve themselves could better the Catholic Church
-Desiderius Erasmus also criticized the outwardness of the Catholic religion
-German priest Martin Luther began the Protestant Reformation
-Common view of the Church and their officials was that they were corrupt
Impact of Protestant Reformation on politics
-Led to conflict between Charles V, German lords, and the Catholic Church
-Charles V's army was defeated by conflict with other European powers and ended up losing to Luther
-The Peace of Augsburg ended the conflict in Germany, recognized the division of Christianity in Germany, and forced lords to decide between Catholicism and Lutheranism for their states
-Was a sign to other nations in Europe that religious conflict will boil over
Reasons for Luther's break with the Catholic Church
Church Officials Abusing Their Power: The Church Officials were using their position to earn money and the Church started to become corrupt
Luther did not agree with Sacraments: Luther did not agree with the churches sacraments. He only believed there should be two, baptism and confirmation. He thought the others were irrelevant and unnecessary.
The sale of Indulgences: The Church was selling certificates to people that would get rid of their sins . You could kill someone then go to the Church and buy an indulgence to ensure yourself a spot in heaven.
Responses to Luther and the Protestant Reformation
When Martin Luther posted the 95 theses on the church’s door, they did not respond.
When Luther asked German people for help, he was excommunicated by the Pope.
Charles V tried to convince Martin Luther to end his religion, but he chooses not to, leading towards Charles V making Martin an outlaw.
Spread of Protestant Revolution
Charles V was against Martin Luther’s new religion, however the 300 lords of the German lords were not.
The Protestant religion appealed to commoner because it meant they would not have to pay money to get into heaven.
Commoners were already unhappy with the Pope and Church because of other problems, such as the church was corrupt.