Spread of the Protestant Reformation (Isabella)
When the Church did not respond to Luther's complaints, he called on German princes to overthrow the papacy and establish a reformed German Church.
Luther's movement turned into a revolution. Many of the German lords and rulers agreed with him. Luther seized on this and set up new services to replace Catholicism.
Luther posted complaints against the Catholic Church on the Church door. These were called the Ninety-Five Theses. The largest complaint was for the sale of indulgences.
Impact of Protestant Reformation on politics (Brooke)
The Peace of Augsburg was created and it ended religious warfare in Germany and accepting christianity and gave the people to chose between Catholicism and Lutherism.
Citizens did not get freedom of individual choice and they had to follow the selection of their lord or ruler.
Lords and rulers backed Luther and challenged Charles V. Charles V was unable to defeat them and soon found peace.
Responses to Luther and the Protestant Reformation (Sarah)
The Pope excommunicated Luther because of his complaints and defiance(Spielvogel).
Luther was made an outlaw, his works were burned, and was sent into hiding by his local Lord Frederick III who did not want to see him killed.(Spielvogel)
The Church did not respond to Luther's complaints he posted on the Church door (Spielvogel). The Church ignored them.
Origins of the Protestant Reformation (Isabella)
Christian Humanism had the goal to reform the Catholic Church. Erasmus believed they should return to the simpler days of Christianity that did not favor pilgrimages, fasts, and relics. He also wrote The Praise of Folly, which criticized the Church and clergy who visited shrines.
Large complaint came with the Church sale of indulgences. This made people upset because not everyone could afford these indulgences which meant they couldn't make it to Heaven.
Luther began the Protestant Reformation. Intellectual changes that occurred during the century prior has set the stage for religious change. Changes drew from Christian Humanism and the work of Erasmus.
Reasons for Luther's break with the Catholic Church (Brooke)
Luther didn't believe in an existing system of sacraments in the Catholic Church.
He thought too many sacraments were forming and the Catholic meaning of the Church was declining.
He only believed in Baptism and the Eucharist, he tried to overthrow this papacy and establish a reformed German Church. Failed to do so and later became an outlaw.