INCULCATING HOTS IN PRODUCING CRITICAL THINKING CITIZENS ( SUGGESTIONS…
INCULCATING HOTS IN PRODUCING CRITICAL THINKING CITIZENS
ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
Rush to complete task
In one time frame, students need to apply, analyze, synthesize
Unclear of HOTS concepts and definition
HOTS integration in curriculum not aligned with the assessment
Learning culture overshadows changes
Higher Order thinking Skills (HOTS) refers to the ability to apply knowledge, skills and values in reasoning, reflection, problem solving, decision making, innovating and creating something new (Ministry of Education [MOE], 2013)
Theories and Concept
Bloom (1956) taxonomy of cognitive domain
Implementation in Malaysia
Critical Thinking Citizens
Characteristics of Critical Thinkers
SUGGESTIONS AND STRATEGIES
Encourage questioning without any negative reactions
Help students understand their own strengths and challenges
Connect one concept to another
Make inferences based on real world issues
Teach alternative problem-solving methods
Insert more real world issues in the curriculum
Create a medium of communication among educators from all over the world to brainstorm of newly discovered strategies or issues to overcome
Provide more opportunities for practical tasks involving the community
Organizing exhibitions to allow students to display their creative works
Tan, S.Y. & Siti Hajar Halili. 2015. Effective teaching of higher-order thinking (HOT) in education.
The Online Jourmal of Distance Education and e-Learning.
3(2) ; 41 – 47.
Brown, A. 2015. How students make sense of criticality skills in higher education,
Practitioner Research in
Higher Education Journal,
Students' ability in analytical reasoning, application and continuous learning are still 'low'
Multiple choice item questions in examination
Malaysia's achievement in TIMSS and PISA