skill learning principles (types of practice (fixed practice (fixed…
skill learning principles
stages of learning
During this initial stage of motor learning, the goal is to develop an overall understanding of the skill. As most people who have never done the skill before are in the cognitive stage and they do not quite know how to perform the skill well
The learner, having acquired an idea of what the skill is, needs to repeat the movement to enhance the synchronization of their mind and muscles. errors still occur but are smaller and less frequent.
During this final stage of learning, the motor skill becomes mostly automatic. Progression to this level of learning allows the learner to perform the skill in any environment.
types of practice
fixed practice is when a specific movement is repeated over and over again it is often referred to as a drill.
mass practice is when you practice the skill until you learn it with out stopping, mass practice is best for athletes with a lot of strength and stamina as there is no resting until you have learnt the skill.
distributed practice is when you have rest intervals included these rest intervals could be to listen to advice from your coach or to eat and drink.
varied practice is when a skill is practiced many different environments. this type of practice will develop an individual schemer which is a store of experience in one's mind because the environment is constantly changing it will develop and store experience in one's mind. this is because the performers have to adapt and change what they are going to do in the ever changing enviroment.
whole practice is when the athlete practices as a whole and starts to appreciate the entire skill.
whole part practice
whole part whole practice is when a skill is first practiced as a whole then split up into various sub routines before returning to whole movement practice.
part instruction is when a skill or movement is very dificult or dangerous to an athlete so the skill is broken down and each part is practiced seperately until the athlete is ready for the whole movement
mental rehearsal is considered to be one of the fundamental mental skills for sports performers and is used for learning new skills, practicing existing skills, preparing for a performance and enhancing motivation.
serial is a series of discrete skills to achieve a goal, an example would be a game of football.
the continuum is concerned with how well defined the beginning and end of the skill are, continuous is when the beginning and end are arbitrary.
A clearly recognisable beginning and end. An example would be a baseball pitch or riding a bike.