Principles of Emotions and Emotional Messages (Emotional Expression Is…
Principles of Emotions and Emotional Messages
Emotions Can Be Used Strategically
So, strategic emotionality is emotions used to achieve one's specific end rather than revealing one's true feelings.
Such emotions can take a variety of forms and be used for so many purposes.
One example, is if a baby cries loud enough, then the person taking care of them may give in.
Emotions are Influenced by a Variety of Factors
The emotions you feel at any one time and the ways in which you interpret the emotions of others are influenced by a variety of factors. Some of the most important are culture, gender, and personality.
- The cultural context gives you a framework for both expressing feelings and interpreting the emotions of others.
- Men and women experience emotions similarity. But men and women have different gender display rules.
- your personality will influence the emotions you'll feel, the extent to which you'll feel them, and, perhaps most important for our purposes, the ways in which you'll express or conceal them.
Emotional Arousal Is a Multi-Step Process
According to the James-Lange theory, the event occurs and then you respond physiologically. And you experience and emotion; for example, you feel joy or fear.
Emotions are Contagious
Emotional messages are often contagious.
Emotional contagion is a process by which the strong emotions of one person are taken on by another person; the assumption that, like the flu, emotions may be contagious.
Emotional Expression Use Multiple Channels
Emotions are both encoded verbally and nonverbally.
When we express emotions in a face-to-face situation, we express the emotions with our words but also with facial expressions, our body posture and gestures, our eye movements, our touching, and even the distance we maintain with others.
Emotions Have Consequences
Like all emotions, communications, and emotional expressions have consequences and affect relationships in important ways.
Revealing your emotions may create close bonds but you may also scare people with too much, and too intimate, disclosure.
Emotions May Be Primary or Blended
Robert Plutchik developed a model of emotions.
In this model, there are 8 basic emotions: joy, trust, fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger, and anticipation.
Emotions Involve both Body and Mind
Emotions involve both body and mind; when you experience emotion, you experience it both physically and mentally.
- Bodily reactions are the most obvious aspect of our emotional experience because we can observe them easily.
- The mental or cognitive part of emotional experience involves the evaluations and interpretations you make on the basis of what you experience. For example, let's say that your best friend ignores you at the cafe. You might feel pity for your best friend is depressed because of someone in her family died or you might feel the anger for you believed that your best friend is simply rude and insensitive.
Emotions May Be Adaptive and Maladaptive
Emotions are often adaptive and help you adjust to a situation.
One example is if you fear losing your partner, you might act more supportively and lovingly.
Other time emotions may be maladaptive and may get in the way of your accomplishing your goals.
Emotional Expression Is Governed by Display Rules
Display rules govern which emotions are acceptable and which are not.
Women talk about their feelings then men.
Women express themselves more facially than men.
Emotion work refers to the conscious process