b). Cognitive Therapy (Beck 1979), recognised the important part that the thinking processes play in determining behaviour, arguing that behaviour is not simply the result of behavioural conditioning. An example would be the identification of ‘faulty thinking’ that can make unwanted or unacceptable behaviour more likely to occur. The thinking process at the time may be, ‘I had no choice but to buy a bag of heroin’. These statements are factually incorrect, but they are influential in remove choice and personal responsibility. A more accurate and helping thinking process would be; ‘I find it extremely difficult when I have money not to go out and buy heroin’. To assist problem drug users ‘positive self talk’ has been developed. This encourages the person to speak accurately, honestly and positively to prepare the person next time they are in a high risk situation. For example as ‘Next time I have money in my pocket, it wont be easy, but I know I can spend it on food instead of drugs, and that’ll make me feel good about myself’. By ‘self talking’ these statements the person creates a different mindset which allows them options and gives them personal responsibility.