Learning Chapter #7 Sara Al-Habashi ^_^ (Applications of Operant…
Sara Al-Habashi ^_^
Process of acquiring through experience new information or behaviors.
Type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events.
How do we learn?
Through acquisition of mental information.
Unconditioned response (UR):
In classical conditioning, an unlearned, naturally occurring response (such as salivation) to an unconditioned stimulus (US) (such as food in the mouth).
Neutral stimulus (NS):
In classical conditioning,
a stimulus that elicits
no response before conditioning.
Unconditioned stimulus (US):
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally—naturally and automatically—triggers an unconditioned response (UR).
Learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus (which predicts the US) and other irrelevant stimuli.
Tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses.
Any event that strengthens a preceding response
Gradually guiding toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behaviour.
Applications of Operant Conditioning:
Types of Reinforcers: