Phonemic Awareness :speech_balloon: (Teaching Strategies :pencil2: (Play…
Phonemic Awareness :speech_balloon:
"Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear and manipulate phonemes, which are the smallest part of a spoken language."
Example: Jump has 4 phonemes as you'll pronounce it J-U-M-P but couch has only 3 C-OU-CH.
Other distinctive features of phonemes
Height and backness of vowels
Height - "The vertical position of the tongue
relative to either the roof of the mouth or the aperture of the jaw."
Backness - " the position of the tongue during the articulation of a
Fricatives (partial obstruction)
Plosive stops (airflow stops)
Place of articulation ("obstruction of airflow through the vocal tract")
Why is it important?
It forms the base for reading and is a fundamental skill.
Why do they struggle?
They believe that when reading, word must be spoken
They have phonological processing problems
Parents dialect differs from the child
"Poor or slowly developing oral language skills"
As a result of multiple ear infections or ear tubes
Play onset and rime games
Teach them using Elkonin boxes
Play Rhyming games
Play blending and segmenting games
From c-a-t to cat
From cat to c-a-t
Play Syllable games
Play games on concepts of words
Know and learn about phonemes
Ensure there are skill-building programs within the school
The knowledge of phonemes has a major impact on language development as phonemes create a base for reading which is an imperative skill for children to learn.
If children do not understand phonemes this can result in failure to progress in reading development.
Difficulties with reading
Difficulties with reading comprehension
If they battle, they won't find interest in
Children might battle with
How to help?
Be willing to play different types of games
"Practice the hearing of individual sounds"
Communicate with teacher
Do activities with the child to build their sound skills
Play beneficial games with them
Read rhyme books
Read the alphabet and breakdown the letters
This will be pronounced with a short breath. The sound doesn't continue.
Phonemes that are pronounced through the nasal passage
A phoneme can be pronounced until the end of your breath