Different Types of Government (America (Government (President - Donald…
Different Types of Government
The United States has 89,500 local governments, including 3,033 counties, 19,492 municipalities, 16,500 townships, 13,000 school districts, and 37,000 other special districts that deal with issues like fire protection.
President - Donald Trump
Attorney general - Jefferson Sessions
Speaker - Paul Ryan
Government: Presidential system, Liberal democracy, Constitutional republic, Federal republic
The United States currently has two major political parties: the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. Abraham Lincoln was the first President to represent the Republican Party, which was founded in 1854 by anti-slavery activists. Eighteen Republicans have served as President.
Two political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. They have made a large difference in American politics since the American Civil War.
There are also smaller parties like the Libertarian Party, the Green Party, and the Constitution Party. The Whig Party and the Democratic-Republican Party were important many years ago.
The House of Representatives is comprised of 435 members. Each member represents a district within a state and serves a two-year term. Anyone who has been a resident for seven years and is at least 25 years old is eligible for a seat in the House. Each state is allowed a number of Representatives and districts based on population. For example, since 1789, Delaware has had only one Representative. California, on the other hand, currently has 53.
Each state sends two delegates to the Senate, where representatives serve six-year terms. The Senate consistently stands at 100 members.
The country’s executive branch is headed by the President of the United States. The President has executive powers, which he shares with his Vice President and his appointed Cabinet members. He is in charge of the nation’s government and must approve all laws; additionally, he is required to protect the freedoms listed in the U.S. Constitution and to decide how best to defend his country.
Before a new law can be created, it must first be passed through both the House of Representatives and the Senate. The President then has the right to sign and accept the law, or he may choose to veto it, meaning he does not accept it. Congress can then attempt to pass the law without the President’s signature, but two-thirds of the vote is required in each House.
As the country’s chief diplomat, the President is also responsible for singing treaties, while two-thirds of the Senate vote is needed to ratify the agreement. The President also has the ability to pardon criminals, among other powers.
Born October 1st 1956
Height: 1.72 m
Education: St Hugh's College, Oxford (1974–1977)
Party: Conservative Party
Spouse: Philip May (m. 1980)
Queen and Royal family
Children: Charles, Prince of Wales, Anne, Princess Royal, Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, Prince Andrew, Duke of York
Born: April 21, 1926 (age 92 years), Mayfair, London, United Kingdom
Siblings: Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
Parents: George VI, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Royal Knight of the Garter
Born: June 21, 1982 (age 35 years), St Mary's Hospital, London, United Kingdom
Full name: William Arthur Philip Louis
Spouse: Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (m. 2011)
Children: Prince George of Cambridge, Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, Prince Louis of Cambridge
Education: Defence Helicopter Flying School (2010)
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
Born: January 9, 1982 (age 36 years), Royal Berkshire Hospital
Children: Prince George of Cambridge, Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, Prince Louis of Cambridge
Education: University of St Andrews (2005), St Andrew's School, Pangbourne, Marlborough College, Downe House School
Parents: Carole Middleton, Michael Francis Middleton
Siblings: Pippa Middleton, James William Middleton
Born: September 15, 1984 (age 33 years), St Mary's Hospital, London, United Kingdom
Full name: Henry Charles Albert David
Partner: Meghan Markle (2017–)
Parents: Diana, Princess of Wales, Charles, Prince of Wales
Education: Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (2005–2006), Eton College (1998–2003), Ludgrove School, Wetherby School
Diana, Princess of Wales
Born: July 1, 1961, Sandringham, United Kingdom
Died: August 31, 1997, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, Paris, France
Spouse: Charles, Prince of Wales (m. 1981–1996)
Children: Prince Harry, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Carry out a random act of kindness, with no expectation of reward, safe in the knowledge that one day someone might do the same for you.
Family is the most important thing in the world.
I don't go by the rule book... I lead from the heart, not the head.
Prince George of Cambridge
Born: July 22, 2013 (age 4 years), St Mary's Hospital, London, United Kingdom
Full name: George Alexander Louis
Great-grandparents: Elizabeth II, Philip Mountbatten,
Grandparents: Charles, Prince of Wales, Diana, Princess of Wales, Carole Middleton, Michael Francis Middleton
Parents: Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
House of Parliament
Centre- Right political party
Leadership: Andrew Jones (Vice Chairman)
UK Independence Party
Scottish National Party
Green Party of England and Wales
Democratic Unionist Party
British National Party
Ulster Unionist Party
Social Democratic and Labour Party
Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland
Green Party in Northern Ireland
Socialist Workers Party
Chancellor: David Lidington
This is where the country has 2 governments:
India is a Union of Individual States, but with a strong centre. This means that the Central government has more powers than the State government
The Parliament is made up of the
: Council of People - The members represent the people of the country and are voted by all voters in the whole country.
: Council of States - The members represent the various states at the centre and are voted in by the states' legislature.
All the people representiing the central government are known as the 'Members of Parliament'.
Seperation of Powers
The Government can again be divided into three parts
- They understand the grievances of the public and make policies to eradicate them.
- The policies made by the Legislature are executed by this body.
- If any problem arises, it solves the issue.
Government's Happiness Agenda
The UAE Government have implemented a new manual specifically for the happiness of the UAE. It is called the Happiness Policy Manual — the first of its kind in the world. The manual was designed by the Ministry of Happiness’s National Program for Happiness and Positivity to introduce the “science of happiness” to the policy-making process and evaluate its effect on the happiness and well-being of society.
The UAE aims to be among the happiest countries in the world, so they are working to have happiness and positivity as a lifestyle and the higher purpose of government work in the UAE. The Happiness Agenda will help the UAE to achieve their goal.
The Happiness Agenda will measure and impact people’s happiness through an iterative framework to discover, change, educate and measure people’s happiness. The way they will achieve their goal is built following a collaborative process to discover, imagine and plan for a future Dubai that prioritizes happiness as a primary objective of Dubai’s ongoing smart transformation.
The target is to make Dubai the happiest city in the world. For the UAE to achieve their target, they will harmonize government plans, programs and legislations to achieve happiness and positivity in society.
UAEs National Innovation Strategy
The strategy will stimulate innovation in seven sectors where innovation is key to excellence: renewable energy, transport, education, health, technology, water and space. Its first phase includes 30 national initiatives to be completed within three years. These include new legislation, innovation incubators, investment in specialized skills, private sector incentives, international research partnerships and an innovation drive within government.
The Four Strategy Tracks
The first track will establish a stimulating environment for innovation in the form of supportive institutions and laws. It will shape specialised entities such as innovation incubators as well as technological infrastructure to fuel innovation in all sectors. It will also focus on research and development in various innovation fields.
The second track will develop government innovation by institutionalising innovative practices with the support of an integrated system of modern tools. The strategy requires all government entities to reduce spending by one per cent and dedicate the savings to research and innovation projects. National training and education programmes on innovation will also be launched.
The third track will encourage private sector innovation by stimulating companies to establish innovation and scientific research centres, adopt new technologies and develop innovative products and services. The UAE will attract pioneering international firms in key innovation sectors, establish innovation communities and zones and support applied research in areas of national priority. It will also enhance the UAE's position as an international centre to test innovations.
The fourth track will prepare individuals with highly innovative skills by concentrating on science, technology, engineering and mathematics, including the creation of educational material for schools and universities. The aim is to establish a national culture that encourages innovation and entrepreneurship through partnerships between the public, private and media sectors.
The Seven Strategy Sectors
Initiatives of the UAE
security and safety
The UAE was founded by His Highness Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan and was the first president of the United Arab Emirates. UAE has 7 emirates, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah, Fujairah, Ajman, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain.
Currently, the federal system of the UAE's government includes the Supreme Council, The Council of Ministers, a parliamentary body in the form of the Federal National Council (FNC), and the Federal Supreme Court, which is representative of an independent judiciary.
The Federal National Council (FNC), is the UAE's parliamentary body, comprising 40 members. They discuss constitutional amendments and draft laws, which may be approved, amended or rejected. They review the annual draft budget of the Federation, they also debate about the international treaties and conventions.
According to Article 68 of the UAE Constitution, the FNC shall have 40 members. The number of seats assigned to each emirate is proportionate to its population as follows:
-Abu Dhabi -8 seats
-Dubai -8 seats
-Sharjah -6 seats
-Ajman -4 seats
-Umm al Quwain -6 seats
-Ras al Khaimah -6 seats
-Fujairah -4 seats