mesopotamia (ancient Mesopotamia-Sumerian civilization (created walls…
ancient Mesopotamia-Sumerian civilization
belived to be settled c.a. 300 B.C.
first form of organized religion
earliest form of writing
divided into city-states
always in constant conflict over resources
created walls for protection with moats along the outside
12 month lunar calendar
time-60 minutes in an hour, 60 seconds in a minute
farms were located along the outside of the city.
Hammurabis code of laws was carved into an eight-foot high stone slab called a Stela
in ancient Mesopotamia the gods gives laws to the kings.
In ancient Mesopotamia if you cause someone to get hurt you will get hurt in the same way.
Hammurabi was the most influential and powerful ruler.
Hammurabi and got the title of "King Of Sumer And Akkad"
Hammurabi ruled over the second empire
each city-state had there own gods and goddesses
life after death was an extension of life.
wind god- most important
monotheism:worshiping one god
mono means one
polytheism:worshiping many gods
poly means many
Mesopotamia is located in Iraq
Mesopotamia is part of a larger area called the fertile crescent know for its far-reaching fertile lands from the Persian Gulf to the red sea.
Mesopotamia has multiple city-states including the biggest one, Sumer.
means the land between two rivers
abundant amount of clay- used for houses
easy tillable soil- great for crops
water supply from Tigris-Euphrates river- used for irrigation
minimal protection from desserts and mountains
few natural resources- little wood or stone
definition: self-governing unit made up of a city and its surrounding villages and farmland
Mesopotamia is a big group of city-states