describe the findings and conclusions for loftus and Palmer study. (the…
describe the findings and conclusions for loftus and Palmer study.
the results show that the phrasing of the question and significantly affect the witness's answer. The actual speed of the car had litel affect and the phrasing of the question was significant.
this table shows that the mean speed estimates for the different verbs .a statistical test showed that the words used had had a significant effect on the speed estimation.
one interpretation of the study could be due to bias factors,for example a ppts might be unsure to wheather the car was going 30 or 40 mph so the verb smashed will bias there answer to choising the higher speed
the second interpretation is that is that the question cause the ppts to have a change in there memory of the accident.The verb smashed may change the subjects memory of that they saw ie the accident so the ppts think that is is more server than it actually was.
so if this was the case they would expect ppts to recall other detail that is not actually there
the first part of the information is that they get from the original event
two kinds of information goes in to ones memory of complex event
the mean speed estimate of the of the ppts in the smashed condition is 10.46 mph ,and in the hit condition was only 8 mph .there is a significant difference the table shows ye or no to seeing broken glass
the second is from the external information supplied after the event
over a period of time these two sets of information combine to a point that you cant tell them apart.and then all they have is one memory.
the ppts whitnesses the car accident and take in the first bit for a memory what they see happend and the external part of the evidence is where the resercher asks the ppts how fast was the car going when it smashed in to the other car so when the two memorys intergrate they have a mone servire image in there heads and because the ppts thinks it is more servere broken glass is assosiated with broken glas