Language and Occupation (Power in spoken discourse (Power asymmetry …
Language and Occupation
Power in spoken discourse
Marked difference in power status of individuals involved in discourse
Alternative therm for asymmetrical, highlighting the power one speaker has over another.
Less powerful participant
Those with less status in a given context, who are subject to constraints imposed by more powerful participants
Lupton (2003) - there is an asymmetrical relationship between a doctor and a patient.
Coulthard and Sinclair: IRF model
Initiation, response and feedback
A speaker with a higher status in a given context, who is able to impose a degree of power.
3 Types of Power
Power held by individuals as a result of their role in organisations
Power used to maintain and enforce authority
Power used to influence or persuade others
3 ways language can be affected by occupation
Koester (2004) - Connecting with others in important especially in the workplace
Malinowski (1972) - "More exchange of words" are used in the workplace
Words/phrases used solely in a particular job