The Audio-Lingual Method (ALM) (Main Characteristics ( Structural…
The Audio-Lingual Method (ALM)
America became aware that it needed people to learn foreign languages very quickly as part of its overall military operation.
The "Army Method" was developed to build communicative competence in translator through very intensive language courses focusing on aural/oral skill.
Structural patterns are are taught using repetition drills.
There is little or no grammatical explanation. Grammar is taught inductively.
Structures are sequenced by means of contrastive analysis and taught one at a time.
Vocabulary is strictly limited and learned in context.
There is dependence on mimicry, memorisation of phrase, and overlearning.
There is much use of tapes, language labs and visual aids.
New material is presented dialog form.
Great importance is attached to pronunciation.
Very little use of the mother tongue by teachers.
Successful responses are immediately reinforced.
There is great effort to get students to produce error-free utterances.
There is tendency to manipulate language and disregard content.
Practising the dialog : whole class,
group work, pair work, individually
Students repeat the dialog several times
Practising the adapted dialog
Students listen to a dialog
Use of Minimal Pairs: ship/sheep
Complete the dialog
Grammar Game: "supermarket alphabet game"
Transformation Drill:positive,negative and question
Multiple Slot Substitution Drill
Single Slot Substitution Drill
Backward Build-up (Expansion) Drill