Principles of Modern Democratic Rule (* (of power to the winner. ( (ethnic…
Principles of Modern Democratic Rule
Citizen participation: This means that citizens are part and parcel of
what happens in their society or country
of power to the winner.
ethnic background, religion or whatsoever
the realisation of individual capacities without regard to one’s race, gender,
Equality: This means equality before the law, equality of opportunity in
A culture of accepting the results of elections: Once free and fair
elections are held and a winner clearly emerges, the loser of the elections
should without resistance evacuate office and hand over the instruments
Political tolerance: This means the ruling masses are mindful and
respectful of the interests of the minority
Accountability: This is when elected leaders or public officials have
to answer to the common citizens regarding their actions
Transparency: To be transparent means that leaders allow for public
scrutiny of what they do while in public office
Regular, free and fair elections: Regular elections ensure that the
citizens are not stuck with bad leadership but that they have the opportunity
to throw out incompetent leaders through free and fair elections
Economic freedom: Economically handicapped citizens are the ones
prone to all types of abuses as they lack the economic base to meet the
basic necessities of life.
Control of the abuse of power: Any government without checks and
balances on its powers is likely to abuse those powers. The most common
Bill of rights: This imposes controls on government powers in a bid to
protect the citizens from abuse by heavy-handed leaders.
Human rights: Unlike dictatorships, democracies strive to protect the
rights and freedoms of their citizens from abuse.
Multi-party system: A multiparty system is a set-up where there are
more than two political parties contesting for power